NASA Will Crash Spacecraft Into An Asteroid To Test Planetary Defense Today

Fiction meets reality, today…

The following is from

“NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft is hurtling toward the asteroid Didymos and its moonlet Dimorphos, and it’ll reach its target tonight (Sept. 26). At 7:14 p.m. EDT (2314 GMT), if all goes well, DART will crash into Dimorphos in an attempt to alter the moonlet’s trajectory. The mission is meant to test the theory that this technique could be used to divert an asteroid heading straight for Earth.

While neither Dimorphos nor Didymos pose a threat to our planet, and nothing that happens today can change that, the results of the DART mission will provide crucial data for scientists and engineers to develop plans for planetary defense. DART, which is managed for NASA by Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHUAPL), marks the first-ever planetary defense test. You can watch the DART asteroid impact live online, courtesy of NASA, beginning at 6 p.m. EDT (2200 GMT).”

As DART approaches Dimorphos, it will use its sole instrument, the Didymos Reconnaissance and Asteroid Camera for Optical navigation (DRACO), to autonomously navigate to its impact zone. Considering that scientists estimate Dimorphos has a diameter of just 560 feet (170 meters), that’s no easy task.
“Dimorphos is a tiny asteroid,” Tom Statler, the mission’s program scientist at NASA, said during the news conference. “We’ve never seen it up close, we don’t know what it looks like, we don’t know what the shape is. And that’s just one of the things that leads to the technical challenges of DART. Hitting an asteroid is a tough thing to do.”
For context, Elena Adams, DART mission systems engineer at JHUAPL, said that DRACO won’t even spot Dimorphos until about an hour before impact, at which point it’ll be just one pixel in DRACO’s field of view. “At three minutes prior to impact, two minutes prior to impact, it is 42 pixels in size,” Adams said during the news conference.


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